EPIC logo

                          E P I C  A l e r t
Volume 10.07                                              April 9, 2003

                           Published by the
             Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)
                           Washington, D.C.

Table of Contents

[1] National Coalition Urges Accuracy for FBI Database
[2] Documents Show Errors in TSA's "No-Fly" Watchlist
[3] ICANN Fails to Establish Adequate WHOIS Privacy Standards
[4] EPIC Opposes Preemption of State Privacy Enforcement
[5] News in Brief
[6] EPIC Bill-Track: New Bills in Congress
[7] EPIC Bookstore: "Your Body as Password"
[8] Upcoming Conferences and Events

[1] National Coalition Urges Accuracy for FBI Database

Thousands of individuals and a broad coalition of organizations across
the country are calling on the FBI to restore the accuracy requirements
for the agency's National Crime Information Center (NCIC), the nation's
largest criminal justice database.  On March 24, the Justice Department
announced that it would no longer comply with the obligation under the
1974 Privacy Act to ensure the accuracy, completeness and timeliness of
the 39 million criminal records maintained in the NCIC system.

Over 80,000 law enforcement agencies routinely access the NCIC, which
includes data on wanted persons, missing persons, gang members and
individuals with arrest records, as well as records about stolen cars,
boats, and other information.  Incorrect information in the database
has subjected individuals to false arrests, and identity theft victims
have reported difficulty correcting erroneous information in the
database.  The Supreme Court also has expressed concern about law
enforcement's reliance on inaccurate records in the NCIC.

Recognizing that exempting the NCIC from data quality obligations may
increase risks for both individuals and law enforcement, over eighty-
five organizations have endorsed a letter to Office of Management and
Budget (OMB) Director Mitchell Daniels urging him to exercise the
agency's oversight authority and require that the FBI restore the
accuracy requirements.

Additionally, over 3,000 individuals from 47 states and the District
of Columbia have signed an online petition demanding that the FBI
restore the accuracy requirements.  While the coalition letter has been
delivered, the petition drive will continue until the OMB acts on the

Individuals may sign the petition at:


EPIC National Crime Information Center Page:


The FBI National Crime Information Center (NCIC) 2000:


[2] Documents Show Errors in TSA's "No-Fly" Watchlist

EPIC recently obtained agency documents through the Freedom of
Information Act (FOIA) that raise important questions about how the
Transportation Security Administration (TSA) operates its "No-Fly"
watchlist.  The documents preview several potential problems with due
process that may result from the proposed passenger profiling system,
CAPPS-II (the Enhanced Computer Assisted Passenger Pre-screening
System), including numerous complaints from passengers who have no idea
why their names are on a list, or how to be removed.  A few heavily
redacted agency memos concerning the operation of the watchlist were
also released in part.

The documents show that the TSA administers two lists: a "no-fly" list
and a "selectee" list, which requires passengers to go through
additional security measures.  Names are provided to air carriers
through Security Directives or Emergency Amendments, and are stored in
their computer systems so that an individual whose name matches a name
on the list can be flagged when getting a boarding pass.  A "no-fly"
match requires the agent to call a law enforcement officer to detain
and question the passenger.  A "selectee" match causes an "S" or
special mark to be printed on the boarding pass, and the person
receives additional screening at security.  The TSA has withheld the
number of names on each of the lists.

The watchlist was created in 1990, and contained names of individuals
who had been "determined to pose a direct threat to U.S. civil
aviation."  This list was administered by the FBI before the Federal
Aviation Administration and the TSA assumed full administrative
responsibility for the list in November 2001.  Since the TSA took over,
the watchlist "has expanded almost daily as Intelligence Community
agencies and the Office of Homeland Security continue to request the
addition of individuals to the No-Fly and Selectee lists."

There appears to be no formal approval process whereby an independent
third party verifies that names are selected appropriately and that
the information is accurate and up-to-date. There is also no apparent
process for individuals to request that their names be removed from
the list -- it appears that the standard TSA response is to direct
individuals to their local FBI office.  The litany of problems that
passengers have faced is long, but they all point to a lack of trans-
parency and due process in the operation of the watchlists.

Full analysis and links to FOIA Documents:


EPIC's Passenger Profiling page:


[3] ICANN Fails to Establish Adequate WHOIS Privacy Standards

The WHOIS database was originally intended to allow network admini-
strators to access domain name registrants' information in order to
easily find and fix problems and maintain the stability of the
Internet.  Currently, it also exposes that personally identifiable
information to spammers, stalkers, criminal investigators, and
copyright enforcers.  On February 6, the WHOIS Task Force of the
Generic Names Supporting Organization posted its "Final Report on
WHOIS Accuracy and Bulk Access" for comments and for consideration by
the Generic Names Supporting Organization Council.  The report included
four policies on accuracy and bulk access of WHOIS data along with
other recommendations.  These policies have been criticized as being
deficient because they fail to establish adequate privacy safeguards
(see EPIC Alert 9.24 and 10.04).

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) voted
on and adopted the WHOIS Task Force's policies on accuracy and bulk
access during its March 23-27 meeting in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.  At
the meeting, ICANN also directed its President to appoint a President's
Standing Committee on Privacy to monitor the implications of existing
and proposed ICANN policies on the handling of personal data.  In the
meantime, ICANN's Generic Names Supporting Organization initiated a
policy development process that may lead to the creation of a new
privacy task force that would serve to adequately address WHOIS-related
privacy issues.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Recommendations Concerning and Guidelines Governing the Protection of
Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data offer a sound and
international framework for sensible WHOIS policies on privacy and data
protection.  EPIC prepared a privacy issues report on behalf of the
non-commercial constituency recommending that a new task force be
formed to evaluate WHOIS policies and practices with respect to the
OECD guidelines.

ICANN's RIO meeting report is available online at:


WHOIS Task Force's policies on accuracy and bulk access of WHOIS data:


EPIC's WHOIS Privacy Issues Report:


For more information, see EPIC's Web site on WHOIS:


[4] EPIC Opposes Preemption of State Privacy Enforcement

EPIC, joined by consumer advocacy group U.S. PIRG, filed comments this
week with the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) urging
the agency to reject a proposed rule that would limit state enforcement
of consumer privacy laws.  In its proposed rule, the agency interpreted
its regulatory jurisdiction over national banks so broadly that it
would prevent states from applying their consumer protection and
privacy laws to national banks.  In its comments, EPIC argued that the
agency exceeded its authority by attempting to make itself the
exclusive enforcer of consumer protection and privacy laws against
banks and their affiliates.  It also failed to safeguard consumers, who
are best served when both state and federal officials can protect them
against unlawful business practices.

The OCC's jurisdiction over national banks derives from the National
Bank Act of 1864.  Congress passed that law to establish a national
banking system and to promote the development of one national currency.
Under the Act, Congress charged the OCC with ensuring national banks'
financial stability and compliance with banking law by granting it
"visitorial powers" over national banks, including the right to
conduct supervisory examinations of banks and to take administrative
enforcement actions, such as issuing cease and desist orders.  For
years, the Supreme Court and lower courts have concluded that this
statute does not insulate national banks from state legal action, as
long as a state is not seeking to enforce a state law that conflicts
with federal law or discriminates against national banks.

In February, the OCC announced a proposed rule that sharply departs
from this long-standing interpretation.  If enacted, the rule would
eliminate the traditional right of the states to sue national banks in
state courts to enforce state laws.  The proposal has drawn sharp
criticism from state attorneys general, consumer advocates, and others,
because the rule would hinder the states' abilities to regulate in the
areas of consumer protection and privacy.

As EPIC explained in its comments, federal privacy law generally
operates as a regulatory baseline and allows states to enact greater
protections if they so choose.  States have taken the lead in
developing and enforcing legislative safeguards for privacy.  Connect-
icut, North Dakota and Vermont, for example, have enacted stronger
financial privacy standards than those provided by the federal Gramm-
Leach-Bliley Act.  EPIC argued to the OCC that its proposal would
undermine the effectiveness of these laws and well-established
principles of federalism, and urged the agency to reject the proposal.

Proposed Rule of the OCC:


EPIC and U.S. PIRG's Comments to the OCC:


EPIC's Fair Credit Reporting Act Page:


EPIC's Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act Page:


[5] News in Brief

Open Government Community Mourns Passing of Senator Moynihan

Daniel Patrick Moynihan, the four-term Senator from New York whose
wide-ranging interests, political ambition, and numerous books on
social issues helped shape public policy in Washington for more than a
quarter century, died last month.  In recent years, Moynihan directed
his energies to the problems of government secrecy.  He authored
legislation to reduce government secrecy and published "Secrecy: The
American Experience" (1998).  In that book he wrote, "The Cold War has
bequeathed to us a vast secrecy system that shows no sign of receding.
It has become our characteristic mode of governance in the executive

  Moynihan's Statement on the Secrecy Reform Act:


  "Secrecy: The American Experience"


Justice Department Issues Quarterly FOIA Report

The Department of Justice Office of Information and Privacy has issued
a useful report on recent Freedom of Information Act decisions,
including Dept. of Justice v. City of Chicago, the recent Supreme Court
case concerning access to gun purchase records under the FOIA.

  "New FOIA Decisions, January-March 2003":


Medical Privacy Rule Compliance Deadline Nears

By Monday, April 14, the health care industry must be in compliance
with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
Privacy Rule.  The Privacy Rule provides the first baseline federal
protection for privacy of medical information communicated electron-
ically, by paper, or orally.  Patients will now have the right to
receive notice of privacy policies, request restrictions on disclosure,
amend their records, receive an accounting of disclosures, and file a
complaint with the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS).
However, contrary to the Administration's claims, the Privacy Rule
does allow marketing use of health information without patient consent.
This was accomplished by exempting advertisements for health-related
products or services and "alternative" therapies from the regulation's
definition of "marketing."



Senate Considers FISA "Lone Wolf" Amendment

This week the Senate is due to consider a bill, S.113, that would relax
a requirement for authorizing warrants under the Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Act.  The legislation would allow the government to
conduct surveillance on a person, even if officials lacked evidence
connecting the individual to a specific terrorist group or foreign
power that supported terrorism, as is now required.  The bill was
amended on March 11 to exclude United States persons, and it contains a
sunset clause in line with the USA PATRIOT Act.  The "lone wolf"
amendment to the FISA is supposedly aimed at addressing the alleged
problem in the case of Zacarias Moussaoui, where FBI lawyers failed to
apply the correct standard to obtain a FISA warrant because they were
confused about the law.

  S.113, A bill to exclude United States persons from the definition
  of "foreign power" under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act
  of 1978 relating to international terrorism:


U.S. Big Brother Award Winners Announced at CFP 2003

At the 13th Annual Conference on Computers, Freedom and Privacy on
April 3, Privacy International announced the winners of the 5th Annual
U.S. "Big Brother" awards to the government and private sector organi-
zations that have done the most to invade personal privacy in the
United States.  "Brandeis" awards were also given to individuals who
have made an outstanding contribution to the protection of privacy.

  A list of winners is available online at:


[6] EPIC Bill-Track: New Bills in Congress


H.R.781 Privacy Protection Clarification Act: To amend the
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act to exempt attorneys from the privacy provisions
of that Act. Sponsor: Rep Biggert, Judy (R-IL) (introduced 2/13/2003)
Cosponsors: 7. Committees: House Financial Services. Latest Major
Action: 3/10/2003 Referred to House subcommittee. Status: Referred to
the Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit.

H.R.818 Identity Theft Consumer Notification Act: To amend the
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act to further protect customers of financial
institutions whose identities are stolen from the financial
institution, and for other purposes. Sponsor: Rep Kleczka, Gerald D.
(D-WI) (introduced 2/13/2003) Cosponsors: 6. Committees: House
Financial Services. Latest Major Action: 2/27/2003 Referred to House
subcommittee. Status: Referred to the Subcommittee on Financial
Institutions and Consumer Credit.

H.R.858 Identity Theft Penalty Enhancement Act: To amend title 18,
United States Code, to establish penalties for aggravated identity
theft, and for other purposes. Sponsor: Rep Tanner, John S. (D-TN)
(introduced 2/13/2003) Cosponsors: 6. Committees: House Judiciary.
Latest Major Action: 2/13/2003 Referred to House committee. Status:
Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.

H.R.1009 Clear Your Good Name Act: To require Federal law enforcement
agencies to expunge voidable arrest records, to provide incentive
funds to States that have in effect a system for expunging such
records, and for other purposes. Sponsor: Rep Nadler, Jerrold (D-NY)
(introduced 2/27/2003) Cosponsors: 3. Committees: House Judiciary.
Latest Major Action: 2/27/2003 Referred to House committee. Status:
Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.

H.R.1037 Prevent Bank Fraud by Terrorists Act of 2003: To prevent
terrorists and money launderers from establishing accounts for illegal
money transfers through the use of false Social Security numbers or
taxpayer identification numbers, and for other purposes. Sponsor: Rep
Sweeney, John E. (R-NY) (introduced 2/27/2003) Cosponsors: (none).
Committees: House Financial Services. Latest Major Action: 2/27/2003
Referred to House committee. Status: Referred to the House Committee
on Financial Services.

H.R.1066 Benefit Authors without Limiting Advancement or Net Consumer
Expectations (BALANCE) Act of 2003: To amend title 17, United States
Code, to safeguard the rights and expectations of consumers who
lawfully obtain digital entertainment. Sponsor: Rep Lofgren, Zoe
(D-CA) (introduced 3/4/2003) Cosponsors: 2. Committees: House
Judiciary. Latest Major Action: 3/4/2003 Referred to House committee.
Status: Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.

H.R.1157 Freedom to Read Protection Act of 2003: To amend the Foreign
Intelligence Surveillance Act to exempt bookstores and libraries from
orders requiring the production of any tangible things for certain
foreign intelligence investigations, and for other purposes. Sponsor:
Rep Sanders, Bernard (I-VT) (introduced 3/6/2003) Cosponsors: 53.
Committees: House Judiciary; House Intelligence (Permanent Select).
Latest Major Action: 3/6/2003 Referred to House committee. Status:
Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the
Committee on Intelligence (Permanent Select), for a period to be
subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration
of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee

H.R.1161 Child Obscenity and Pornography Prevention Act of 2003: To
prevent trafficking in child pornography and obscenity, to proscribe
pandering and solicitation relating to visual depictions of minors
engaging in sexually explicit conduct, to prevent the use of child
pornography and obscenity to facilitate crimes against children, and
for other purposes. Sponsor: Rep Smith, Lamar (R-TX) (introduced
3/6/2003) Cosponsors: 43. Committees: House Judiciary. Latest Major
Action: 3/11/2003 House committee/subcommittee actions. Status:
Subcommittee Hearings Held.

H.R.1171 Iris Scan Security Act of 2003: To provide grants to law
enforcement agencies to use iris scanning technology to conduct
background checks on individuals who want to purchase guns. Sponsor:
Rep Andrews, Robert E. (D-NJ) (introduced 3/11/2003) Cosponsors:
(none). Committees: House Judiciary. Latest Major Action: 3/11/2003
Referred to House committee. Status: Referred to the House Committee
on the Judiciary.

H.R.1303 To amend the E-Government Act of 2002 with respect to
rulemaking authority of the Judicial Conference. Sponsor: Rep Smith,
Lamar (R-TX) (introduced 3/18/2003) Cosponsors: 1. Committees: House
Judiciary. Latest Major Action: 3/20/2003 House committee/subcommittee
actions. Status: Forwarded by Subcommittee to Full Committee (Amended)
by Voice Vote.

H.R.1365 To establish the United States Commission on an Open Society
with Security. Sponsor: Rep Norton, Eleanor Holmes (D-DC) (introduced
3/19/2003) Cosponsors: (none). Committees: House Transportation and
Infrastructure. Latest Major Action: 3/19/2003 Referred to House
committee. Status: Referred to the House Committee on Transportation
and Infrastructure.


S.410 Foreign Intelligence Collection Improvement Act of 2003: A bill
to establish the Homeland Intelligence Agency, and for other purposes.
Sponsor: Sen Edwards, John (D-NC) (introduced 2/13/2003) Cosponsors:
(none). Committees: Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Latest
Major Action: 2/13/2003 Referred to Senate committee. Status: Read
twice and referred to the Committee on Intelligence.

S.436 Domestic Surveillance Oversight Act of 2003: A bill to amend the
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 to improve the
administration and oversight of foreign intelligence surveillance, and
for other purposes. Sponsor: Sen Leahy, Patrick J. (D-VT) (introduced
2/25/2003) Cosponsors: 4. Committees: Senate Judiciary. Latest Major
Action: 2/25/2003 Referred to Senate committee. Status: Read twice and
referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.

S.660 A bill to extend limitations on certain provisions of State law
under the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Sponsor: Sen Johnson, Tim (D-SD)
(introduced 3/19/2003) Cosponsors: (none). Committees: Senate Banking,
Housing, and Urban Affairs. Latest Major Action: 3/19/2003 Referred to
Senate committee. Status: Read twice and referred to the Committee on
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs.

EPIC Bill Track: Tracking Privacy, Speech, and Cyber-Liberties Bills
in the 108th Congress, is available at:


[7] EPIC Bookstore: "Your Body as Password"

Biometrics: Identity Assurance in the Information Age. John D.
Woodward, Jr. et al (McGraw-Hill/Osborne 2003)


Who Goes There? Authentication Through the Lens of Privacy. Stephen T.
Kent and Lynette I. Millett, Editors (National Research Council 2003)


Biometrics are on the rise.  New systems of identification capture
fingerprints, voiceprints, iris patterns, and even facial images.
Increasingly, air travelers, visitors to the United States, and
licensed drivers may confront these new hi-tech IDs.  How do these
systems work?  Are they reliable, and how best is privacy preserved?
These issues are taken up in a new book from McGraw-Hill and a new
report from the National Research Council.

John Woodward and his colleagues provide a comprehensive introduction
to biometric applications in "Biometrics: Identity Assurance in the
Information Age."  Several chapters describe the major biometric
techniques, as well as methods for evaluation, testing and standard-
setting.  The book notes problems and vulnerabilities with each of the
major biometric techniques.  It also explores several case studies in
applications as far-ranging as a housing project in Chicago, a school
in Stockholm, Las Vegas casinos, and the California Statewide Finger-
printing System.

Woodward also engages the major policy and legal objections to the
expanded use of biometric systems.  While some may sense that he lacks
the skepticism about government abuse that has given rise to many
privacy laws, it is hard not to recognize his efforts to assess
biometric systems from a wide range of perspectives, including the
European Union Data Directive as well as cultural, religious and
philosophical objections.

The National Research Council takes up the issue of privacy and
biometric identification in "Who Goes There: Authentication Through
the Lens of Privacy?"  Much of the report focuses on the privacy
problems that flow from systems that collect personally identifiable
information.  The report sensibly suggests limiting the collection and
use of data, and notes that discrete systems of identifications are
more likely to safeguard privacy than integrated identification

In the end, one's willingness to support advanced identification
systems, including a national ID card that Woodward and his colleagues
appear to favor, may depend on one's trust in the institutions that
operate such systems.

- Marc Rotenberg


EPIC Publications:

"The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2002: United States Law, International
Law, and Recent Developments," Marc Rotenberg, editor (EPIC 2002).
Price: $40. http://www.epic.org/bookstore/pls2002/

The "Physicians Desk Reference of the privacy world."  An invaluable
resource for students, attorneys, researchers and journalists who need
an up-to-date collection of U.S. and International privacy law, as
well as a comprehensive listing of privacy resources.


"FOIA 2002: Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws," Harry
Hammitt, David Sobel and Mark Zaid, editors (EPIC 2002). Price: $40.

This is the standard reference work covering all aspects of the
Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Government in the
Sunshine Act, and the Federal Advisory Committee Act.  The 21st
edition fully updates the manual that lawyers, journalists and
researchers have relied on for more than 25 years.  For those who
litigate open government cases (or need to learn how to litigate
them), this is an essential reference manual.

"Privacy & Human Rights 2002: An International Survey of Privacy Laws
and Developments" (EPIC 2002). Price: $25.

This survey, by EPIC and Privacy International, reviews the state of
privacy in over fifty countries around the world.  The survey examines
a wide range of privacy issues including data protection, telephone
tapping, genetic databases, video surveillance, location tracking, ID
systems and freedom of information laws.


"Filters and Freedom 2.0: Free Speech Perspectives on Internet Content
Controls" (EPIC 2001). Price: $20.

A collection of essays, studies, and critiques of Internet content
filtering.  These papers are instrumental in explaining why filtering
threatens free expression.


"The Consumer Law Sourcebook 2000: Electronic Commerce and the Global
Economy," Sarah Andrews, editor (EPIC 2000). Price: $40.

The Consumer Law Sourcebook provides a basic set of materials for
consumers, policy makers, practitioners and researchers who are
interested in the emerging field of electronic commerce.  The focus is
on framework legislation that articulates basic rights for consumers
and the basic responsibilities for businesses in the online economy.


"Cryptography and Liberty 2000: An International Survey of Encryption
Policy," Wayne Madsen and David Banisar, authors (EPIC 2000). Price:
$20. http://www.epic.org/crypto&/

EPIC's third survey of encryption policies around the world.  The
results indicate that the efforts to reduce export controls on strong
encryption products have largely succeeded, although several
governments are gaining new powers to combat the perceived threats of
encryption to law enforcement.
EPIC publications and other books on privacy, open government, free
expression, crypto and governance can be ordered at:
     EPIC Bookstore
     "EPIC Bookshelf" at Powell's Books
[8] Upcoming Conferences and Events

** Uniting Privacy and the First Amendment in the 21st Century **

May 9-10, 2003
Oakland, CA

EPIC, the First Amendment Project, and the California Office of
Privacy Protection are sponsoring this activist symposium designed to
explore the interplay between privacy and First Amendment rights, with
the goal of developing strategies for optimizing both.

For more information: http://www.epic.org/events/unitingsymposium/


28th Annual AAAS Colloquium on Science and Technology Policy. American
Association for the Advancement of Science. April 10-11, 2003.
Washington, DC. For more information:

Integrating Government With New Technologies '03: E-Government, Change
and Information Democracy. Riley Information Services. April 11, 2003.
Ottawa, Canada. For more information: http://www.rileyis.com/seminars/

RSA Conference 2003. RSA Security. April 13-17, 2003. San Francisco,
CA. For more information: http://www.rsaconference.com/

O'Reilly Emerging Technology Conference. April 22-25, 2003. Santa
Clara, CA. For more information: http://conferences.oreilly.com/etcon/

Mid Canada Information Security Conference. Information Protection
Association of Manitoba. April 30, 2003. Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
For more information: http://www.ipam.mb.ca/mcisc/

Collecting and Producing Electronic Evidence in Cybercrime Cases.
University of Namur. May 8-9, 2003. Namur, Belgium. For more

Little Sister 2003: Community Resistance, Security, Law and
Technology. May 9-11, 2003. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. For
more information: http://www.littlesister2003.org/

2003 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy. IEEE Computer Society
Technical Committee on Security and Privacy, in cooperation with the
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR). May 11-14,
2003. Oakland, CA. For more information:

Technologies for Protecting Personal Information. Federal Trade
Commission. Workshop 1: The Consumer Experience. May 14, 2003.
Workshop 2: The Business Experience. June 4, 2003. Washington, DC. For
more information: http://www.ftc.gov/techworkshop/

ITS-2003: Third International Conference on "Information Technologies
and Security." June 23-27, 2003. Partenit, Crimea, Ukraine. For more
information: http://www.itb.conferen.ru/eng/info_e.html

Press Freedom on the Internet. The World Press Freedom Committee. June
26-28, 2003. New York, NY. For more information: <mgreene@wpfc.org>

Building the Information Commonwealth: Information Technologies and
Prospects for Development of Civil Society Institutions in the
Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Interparliamentary Assembly of the Member States of the Commonwealth
of Independent States (IPA). June 30-July 2, 2003. St. Petersburg,
Russia. For more information: http://www.communities.org.ru/conference/

O'Reilly Open Source Convention. July 7-11, 2003. Portland, OR. For
more information: http://conferences.oreilly.com/oscon/

1st Global Conference: Visions of Humanity in Cyberculture, Cyberpunk
and Science Fiction. August 11-13, 2003. Prague, Czech Republic. For
more information: http://www.inter-disciplinary.net/vhccsf03cfp.htm

Privacy2003. Technology Policy Group. September 30 - October 2, 2003.
Columbus, OH. For more information:

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About EPIC
The Electronic Privacy Information Center is a public interest
research center in Washington, DC.  It was established in 1994 to
focus public attention on emerging privacy issues such as the Clipper
Chip, the Digital Telephony proposal, national ID cards, medical
record privacy, and the collection and sale of personal information.
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   ---------------------- END EPIC Alert 10.07 ----------------------