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                            E P I C  A l e r t
Volume 14.23                                          November 16, 2007

                             Published by the
                Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)
                             Washington, D.C.

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Table of Contents
[1] EPIC, Experts Urge Supreme Court to Reject Voter Photo ID Law
[2] EU Opens In-Depth Investigation of Google-DoubleClick Merger
[3] DHS To Hold Town Hall on Video Surveillance Systems
[4] US Government Releases Information Sharing Privacy Principles
[5] Miller Center Hosts National Debate on Security and Privacy
[6] News in Brief
[7] EPIC Bookstore: "Whispering Wires"
[8] Upcoming Conferences and Events
    - Subscription Information
    - Privacy Policy
    - About EPIC
    - Donate to EPIC

[1] EPIC, Experts Urge Supreme Court to Reject Voter Photo ID Law

EPIC filed a friend of the court brief in Crawford v. Marion County, the
Indiana voter photo identification case before the Supreme Court. EPIC
and 10 legal scholars and technical experts urged the Court to
invalidate an Indiana law requiring individuals to show a
government-issued photo ID card before they were allowed to vote. Prior
to the enactment of this law, voters were required only to sign a book
at the polling place, where a photocopy of the voter's signature was
kept on file.

EPIC's arguments in the case were twofold: "First, the Indiana law
ostensibly seeks to address the problem of voter fraud through the
establishment of photo requirement at the polling place, yet leaves open
the ongoing risk of fraud made possible by absentee voting. As a matter
of logic, the identification requirement is flawed. Second, the state
voter ID law will almost certainly rely upon the federally mandated REAL
ID, a controversial system of identification that will introduce
additional privacy and security risks."

The identification scheme created under the Indiana law at issue does
not solve the type of voter fraud that has been documented in the state,
EPIC said. Neither the state nor the courts have been able to identify
one case in which a photo ID requirement would have prevented voter
fraud. Indiana has a recent and documented history of absentee voter
fraud, but the law at issue creates an exception for absentee voters,
allowing them to vote without presenting government-issued photo

Another aspect of the voter photo identification system rests on the
ability of poll workers to accurately identify a wide range of state and
federal government documents as well as the person depicted in the
photograph. There are a variety of points in the process of collecting,
storing and sharing data at which errors could result in
disenfranchisement of voters. "It is important that if the state of
Indiana continues to rely upon voter registration records, that it
develops data quality control protocols to improve the accuracy and
reliability of this information," EPIC said.

Even though final regulations for the federal REAL ID national
identification system have yet to be released from the Department of
Homeland Security, Indiana began implementing changes in July to prepare
for the national ID system. The state has admitted voters will likely be
required to present REAL ID-compliant cards. EPIC has repeatedly
detailed the myriad security and privacy programs associated with the
system. Seventeen states have passed legislation against the scheme, and
Congress is debating repealing REAL ID.

In the brief, EPIC explained, "The REAL ID Act of 2005 and the draft
regulations promulgated by DHS create a fundamentally flawed national
identification system that will not improve the security of Indiana's
voter identification system. Integrating Indiana's voter system with
REAL ID will make it easier to commit identification theft while
preventing eligible individuals from exercising their right to vote."

EPIC's page on Crawford v. Marion County, Indiana:


EPIC's page on Voting and Privacy:


The National Committee for Voting Integrity:


EPIC's page on National ID Cards and REAL ID Act:


[2] EU Opens In-Depth Investigation of Google-DoubleClick Merger

After completing its preliminary investigation, the European Commission
Directorate on Competition has announced a four-month in-depth
investigation into Google's $3.1 billion proposed merger with Internet
advertising company DoubleClick. According to the Directorate, "[t]he
Commission will, in particular, investigate whether without this
transaction, DoubleClick would have grown into an effective competitor
of Google in the market for online ad intermediation. It will also
investigate whether the merger, which combines the leading providers of
respectively, on the one hand, online advertising space and
intermediation services, and, on the other hand, ad serving technology,
could lead to anti-competitive restrictions for competitors operating in
these markets and thus harm consumers."

The proposed merger is also under review by the U.S. Federal Trade
Commission following complaints filed by EPIC, the Center for Digital
Democracy and US PIRG that detail the reasons why the FTC needs to
establish substantial privacy safeguards as a condition of the merger.
The filings include proposals for a range of steps the Commission could
take by means of a consent order to safeguard consumer privacy.

There have been increasing calls for oversight of the FTC's
investigation into the proposed Google-DoubleClick merger. Last week, a
dozen Republican members of the House Subcommittee on Commerce, Trade
and Consumer Protection requested a hearing into the privacy aspects of
the proposed Google-DoubleClick merger. In a letter, the members stated
that the privacy implications of the merger "are enormous" and that a
hearing is needed to understand how consumers' information is used and
what can be done to better protect consumer privacy.

In September, the Senate Judiciary Committee's Subcommittee on
Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights held a hearing
entitled "An Examination of the Google-DoubleClick Merger and the Online
Advertising Industry: What Are the Risks for Competition and Privacy?"
Senator Herb Kohl stated at the hearing that he believed privacy is an
integral part of the antitrust review. "Some commentators believe that
antitrust policymakers should not be concerned with these fundamental
issues of privacy, and merely be content to limit their review to
traditional questions of effects on advertising rates. We disagree,"
Sen. Kohl said. "The antitrust laws were written more than a century ago
out of a concern with the effects of undue concentrations of economic
power for our society as a whole, and not just merely their effects on
consumers' pocketbooks. No one concerned with antitrust policy should
stand idly by if industry consolidation jeopardizes the vital privacy
interests of our citizens so essential to our democracy."

Last month, in a letter to the Subcommittee on Financial Services and
General Government of the U.S. House Committee on Appropriations, EPIC
urged oversight of the Federal Trade Commission's review of the proposed
Google-DoubleClick merger. The Subcommittee is responsible for the
annual appropriation for the Federal Trade Commission. EPIC set out the
privacy concerns arising from the proposed merger as well as the
statements of various experts. If the FTC fails to establish substantial
privacy safeguards as a condition of the proposed Google-DoubleClick
merger, "we believe there should be a comprehensive investigation of the
factors that led to the FTC's decision," EPIC said.

European Commission Directorate on Competition, Press Release, Mergers:
Commission opens in-depth investigation into Google's proposed take over
of DoubleClick (November 13, 2007):


European Commission Directorate on Competition, Page on Investigation of
Proposed Google-DoubleClick Merger:


Twelve Republican Members of Congress, Letter Requesting a Hearing on
the Privacy Aspects of the Proposed Google/DoubleClick Merger (November
6, 2007) (pdf):


Senate Judiciary Committee, "An Examination of the Google-DoubleClick
Merger and the Online Advertising Industry: What Are the Risks for
Competition and Privacy?":


EPIC's Letter to the House Subcommittee on Financial Services and
General Government (October 26, 2007) (pdf):


EPIC's page on Privacy? Proposed Google/DoubleClick Deal:


[3] DHS To Hold Town Hall on Video Surveillance Systems

The Department of Homeland Security Privacy Office has announced a
public workshop, "CCTV: Developing Privacy Best Practices," to be held
in December. "This workshop will provide a forum to begin a discussion
to inform development of best practices for the use of CCTV by
government agencies," DHS said.

The agency also requests comments from the public on the following
topics: "1. Are there existing state, local, or international programs
that have developed privacy and civil liberties guidelines for CCTV that
can serve as resources for the development of best practices? 2. How can
CCTV systems be designed in a manner that respects privacy and civil
liberties? 3. What measures are necessary to protect privacy and civil
liberties when governments have the ability to link into privately owned
CCTV networks or have access to images and footage that such networks
have captured? 4. How can Privacy Impact Assessments (PIAs) be used as a
means of protecting privacy in this area? What would make for an
effective PIA? How can government agencies incorporate the findings of
PIAs into their CCTV networks and guidelines? 5. What are the privacy
and civil liberties best practices you would recommend for government
use of CCTV?" All comments must include the docket number:

EPIC and others have detailed a number of problems with the use of video
surveillance systems. In the past, EPIC has said that there "is concern
not only about the amount of images and information collected, but its
uses and the length of time it is retained. Many also question whether
this surveillance impinges upon free speech and freedom of association -
especially when it is used to monitor political protests and rallies."
EPIC recommends "clear procedural guidelines and legislation that
addresses the effectiveness, purpose, and usage of video surveillance,
as well as the sharing and retention of the individuals' images
recorded, and that provides for penalties and public oversight."

EPIC has further explained, "Some of the arguments invoked by law
enforcement authorities to justify their use of video surveillance are
that it helps prevent crime and that there is no expectation of privacy
in public spaces. Evidence, however, has shown that video surveillance
cameras have limited, if any, effects on crime prevention. In most
cases, surveillance merely enhances people's sense of security rather
than their actual physical security."

There is international debate about camera surveillance systems, as
well. Last month, Privacy International filed a complaint with the
Ontario Information and Privacy Commissioner's Office regarding plans to
deploy 12,000 cameras across Toronto's transportation network of buses,
streetcars, and subways at a cost of $18 million. According to Privacy
International, the Toronto Transit Commission has repeatedly argued that
Closed Circuit Television acts as a deterrent despite international
criminological evidence proving otherwise.

In its complaint, Privacy International argues that the collection
principles in the relevant legislation are not being sufficiently
attended to in that the collection is not necessary, that the scheme is
being deployed without consideration to privacy and associated
protocols, and with insufficient consideration regarding access powers.

The Department of Homeland Security's two-day workshop on camera
surveillance systems will be held on December 17 and December 18, 2007.
The workshop is free and open to the public.

Department of Homeland Security Federal Register Notice on Town Hall:


Privacy International Complaint to Ontario Information and Privacy
Commissioner's Office (Oct. 24, 2007) (pdf):


EPIC's page on Video Surveillance:


Observing Surveillance:


[4] US Government Releases Information Sharing Privacy Principles

The US government has released its "National Strategy for Information
Sharing."  The strategy describes information sharing between state and
local governments, the private sector and foreign governments, and
includes the administration's "core privacy principles" for protecting
privacy. Privacy guidelines, developed by the Attorney General and
Director of National Intelligence, are built on these core principles.

Privacy is described as a "core facet" of information sharing efforts.
The privacy principles limit information sharing to the broad and
undefined "terrorism, homeland security or law enforcement information
related to terrorism."  Participation in information sharing is not
conditioned on successful implementation of the principles.  For
implementation, the President directed the creation of the Privacy
Guidelines Committee, consisting of the Attorney General, Director of
National Intelligence and agency privacy officers. No citizen advocates
sit on the committee.

The National strategy summarizes some of the completed information
sharing tasks. The strategy touts the creation of an "Information
Sharing Environment"; significant grant funding to stated and local
"information fusion centers"; the consolidation of watchlists in a 
"terrorist screening center"; and the creation of the "Homeland Security
Information Network" for two-way information sharing between federal and
stated and local officials.

Per the strategy, information needs of state and local entities grow as
they incorporate homeland security into their day-to-day crime fighting
activities.  Fusion centers are the are the "primary focal points" for
sharing of terrorism related information. Private sector information
sharing focuses on sharing with operators and owners of "critical
infrastructure." In receiving foreign information the "guiding
objective" is to ensure that the US can disseminate the information "as
broadly as possible." The impact on US persons' privacy of sharing their
information with foreign governments is to be "considered."

National Strategy for Information Sharing:


EPIC's page on Fusion Centers:


[5] Miller Center Hosts National Debate on Security and Privacy

The Miller Center for Public Affairs of the University of Virginia
hosted a national discussion on Privacy and Security after 9/11.
Panelists debated the proposition: "In the war against terrorism, and
with advances in technology, Americans need to lower their expectations
of privacy."

Arguing for the proposition were professor Douglas Kmiec of the
Pepperdine Law School and Kim Taipale, executive director of the Center
for Advanced Studies in Science and Technology Policy. Arguing against
the proposition were Lord John Alderdice, a member of the British House
of Lords and a key negotiator in the peace agreement between the British
and Irish governments, and Marc Rotenberg, executive director of the
Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) in Washington, DC.

Lord John Alderdice described the experience of terrorism up to the
landmark Good Friday peace agreement said that the governments had made
many mistakes. "When laws are passed without proper and due
consideration, they're usually not very good laws, and we discover
problems with them. And when governments act rapidly and without
thought, it's frequently counterproductive."

In the debate exchange, Prof. Kmiec, the former head of the Office of
Legal Counsel for President Reagan and President Bush, asked Rotenberg
whether it would be permissible for the government to deploy a device
that could detect weapons-grade plutonium without a court order.
Rotenberg responded there would be no privacy objection, but said the
example provided "is almost at the exact opposite end of the spectrum
from the type of mass public surveillance we experience today in this
country." Rotenberg described the the collection of the telephone
records of U.S. citizens "suspected of no crimes, turned over by the
telephone companies to the National Security Agency without a legal
basis and without judicial authority."

Rotenberg then asked Kmiec whether he agreed with the President's
assertion that he has inherent authority to conduct surveillance in the
United States, and if so, is there any stopping point for the
President's authority. Kmiec replied "the president had indeed a
justifiable and plausible argument for the authority that he asserted"
but went on to say that it was important to make sure that the
information gathered "is only being used for terrorist prevention
purposes and is not being either retained or disseminated in a fashion
contrary to that objective."

Former Virginia Governor Gerald L. Bailes, director of the Miller
Center, opened the event. NewsHour Senior Correspondent Ray Suarez
served as moderator. The event was produced by MacNeil/Lehrer
productions. A debate on the Huffington Post preceded the discussion.
The Miller Center website features extensive materials on the debate
topic, including a background paper, surveys and reports, key privacy
law, polls, YouTube videos and a lesson plan for educators.

National Discussion and Debate Series, Privacy (resources):


Miller Center Privacy Debate (QuickTime video):


Miller Center Privacy Debate (MP3 audio):


Miller Center Privacy Debate (Transcript):


Huffington Post Debate, "Privacy v. Security? Privacy" (Rotenberg):


Huffington Post Debate, "Privacy v. Security? Security" (Taipale):


EPIC Testimony on "Security and Liberty" before 9/11 Commission:


Final Report of the 9/11 Commission:


[6] News in Brief

Homeland Security Backs Down on Flawed REAL ID Plan

The Department of Homeland Security has announced major changes to the
planned REAL ID national identification system. The original deadline
for implementation was 2008, but has been pushed back to 2013. Now, DHS
may delay implementation until 2018 and may significantly reduce the
requirements set out in draft regulations released in March of 2007.
EPIC and others have repeatedly detailed security and privacy problems
with the system that creates a national ID database and imposes federal
responsibilities upon state agencies that have neither the trained
employees nor the resources to fulfill these responsibilities. The final
regulations, originally to be released in September of 2007, have yet to
be published. Congress is debating legislation to repeal the national
identification scheme.

Stop REAL ID Campaign site:


EPIC's page on National ID Cards and REAL ID Act:


European Union to Collect Passengers' Flight Information

The European Commission has unveiled a proposal to establish a passenger
name records (PNR) system similar to that of the US. The European PNR
system would require PNR data for all flights entering or departing the
European Union. The data will be processed for the purpose of carrying
out a risk assessment of passengers' "threat levels," in order to assist
in terrorism and organized crime investigations. Air carriers already
have an obligation to communicate Advance Passenger Information to
Member States for the purpose of fighting illegal immigration. The new
scheme increased the amount of data required, and the purposes for which
it will be used.

EU PNR Proposal Press Release:


EPIC's page on EU-US Passenger Data Disclosure:


Privacy International Study on Journalist Privacy

UK-based Privacy International last week released a study on worldwide
journalist protections. The study notes that the United States is one of
the few democracies that does not provide nationwide protection for
journalists.  The study includes regional reports describing
country-level protections. The regional reports are broken down into
legal protections, searches, wiretapping and national security laws.
Privacy International concludes with proposed guidelines on protection
of journalists' sources.

"Silencing Sources: An International Survey of Protections and Threats
to Journalists' Sources":


EPIC's page on Privileges:


Facebook Unveils New "Social Ads"

Social networking site Facebook.com unveiled a new advertising product
called "social ads." Marketers create Facebook profiles and purchase
advertising targeting other users' profile information. Further, users'
name and pictures will be shown to their friends as promoting a product
after that user interacts with the marketer in some way.  Some law
professors have questioned whether this violates the privacy tort
prohibiting commercial appropriation of name and likeness. Facebook's
privacy settings do not currently allow one to opt out of receiving
marketing or being used in it.

Facebook Social Ads:


EPIC's page on Social Networking Privacy:


EAC Announces 2007 Voluntary Voting System Guidelines

On November 6, 2007 the Election Assistance Commission announced a
public comment period for its 2007 version of the Voluntary Voting
System Guidelines, which will end at 4:00 PM on March 5, 2008. The
agency's first federally-approved guidance for electronic voting systems
was approved in December 2005, but no voting system has been approved
under the new federal testing and certification process. Only two
systems of the nine currently under review for federal certification
have applied under the 2005 voting system guidelines. The document open
for comment is only available electronically on the agency's web site.

Voting Systems applying for certification:


Federal Register Notice:


EAC Document Open for Public Comment:


National Committee for Voting Integrity:


New Study: Sharing, Privacy and Trust in Our Networked World

The Online Computer Library Center has released its international study
on online social spaces, entitled “Sharing, Privacy and Trust in Our
Networked World.” The survey polled over 6,100 respondents from Canada,
France, Germany, Japan, the UK and the US, as well as 382 US library
directors. The study focuses on user practices and preferences in social
spaces, user attitudes about sharing, information privacy, and librarian
social networking practices and preferences.

OCLC Study: Sharing, Privacy and Trust in Our Networked World:


Privacy and Human Rights Report 2006:


EPIC's page on Social Networking Privacy:


[7] EPIC Bookstore: "Whispering Wires"

"Whispering Wires" by Philip Metcalfe (Inkwater 2007)


Big Ray Olmstead was a prominent businessman in the Seattle of the
1920s. Well liked by politicians, with two brothers in the police
department and a successful business that in good months brought in over
$200,000, Olmstead was one of the best known bootleggers of the
Prohibition era.

Olmstead shunned the moonshine and other low-grade liquor that
contributed to much of the Depression-era misery. He imported fine
bonded liquors from Canada that were served in restaurants and clubs
throughout Seattle.

Not surprisingly, there was not much interest in Seattle in prosecuting
Mr. Olmstead, but over time federal agents came to the Northwest and
built their case, not on the testimony of witnesses -- who would object?
-- but using records of the telephone conversations between Olmstead and
his associates.

Olmstead was aware of the wiretap operation and tried several techniques
to defeat the feds. Calls were placed from public phones. Phone numbers
would change. His wife obtained a party line so that the calls from
their home were interspersed with the neighborhood chit-chat.

The problem for the federal agents was that wiretapping was against the
law in Washington state. One of the key issues in the case against
Olmstead was whether this new type of evidence could be admitted in

In addition to the colorful history of Prohibition-era Seattle and the
Olmstead business operations, "Whispering Wires" recounts the excitement
of the month-long trial, the front-page headlines, and the dramatic
moments in the courtroom. Several of Seattle's prominent businessmen
testified, including a young William Boeing who would help launch a new
economy in the Queen City as the era of bootlegging drew to a close.

With an eye to the appeal ahead, Olmsteads's attorney argued to the
jury, "I don't care any more about Roy Olmstead than you do. But his
liberty has the same basis as yours. And if you steal his liberty on
such evidence, then some day your liberty may be stolen in the same

Following the conviction, Olmstead's case went to the Supreme Court. At
issue was the admissibility of the wiretap evidence. The telephone
companies sided with the notorious bootlegger. But the Court rejected
the appeal. Chief Justice Taft said that no search occurred. "The
intervening wires," Taft wrote, "are not part of his house or office any
more than are the highways along which they are stretched."

Justice Brandeis, borrowing  from the fine brief of the telephone
companies, reasoned that the intrusion into a telephone call was far
more intrusive than the interception of a letter which was already
protected by law. Brandeis's dissent in the Olmstead case, one of the
most important in American law, argued that this was a search and the
government's case should be tossed out.

It would take another forty years and another criminal -- this one
calling in numbers from a payphone from a Los Angeles street corner --
for the Supreme Court to agree with Brandeis.

Philip Metcalfe's book brings to life the Prohibition era in the Pacific
Northwest and with it one of the most remarkable chapters in the history
of privacy law in the United States.

-- Marc Rotenberg


EPIC Publications:

"Information Privacy Law: Cases and Materials, Second Edition" Daniel J.
Solove, Marc Rotenberg, and Paul Schwartz. (Aspen 2005). Price: $98.

This clear, comprehensive introduction to the field of information
privacy law allows instructors to enliven their teaching of fundamental
concepts by addressing both enduring and emerging controversies. The
Second Edition addresses numerous rapidly developing areas of privacy
law, including: identity theft, government data mining and electronic
surveillance law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act,
intelligence sharing, RFID tags, GPS, spyware, web bugs, and more.
Information Privacy Law, Second Edition, builds a cohesive foundation
for an exciting course in this rapidly evolving area of law.


"Privacy & Human Rights 2006: An International Survey of Privacy Laws
and Developments" (EPIC 2007). Price: $75.

This annual report by EPIC and Privacy International provides an
overview of key privacy topics and reviews the state of privacy in over
75 countries around the world. The report outlines legal protections,
new challenges, and important issues and events relating to privacy.
Privacy & Human Rights 2006 is the most comprehensive report on privacy
and data protection ever published.


"FOIA 2006: Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws," Harry
A. Hammitt, Marc Rotenberg, Melissa Ngo, and Mark S. Zaid, editors
(EPIC 2007). Price: $50. http://www.epic.org/bookstore/foia2006

This is the standard reference work covering all aspects of the Freedom
of Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Government in the Sunshine Act,
and the Federal Advisory Committee Act.  The 23nd edition fully updates
the manual that lawyers, journalists and researchers have relied on for
more than 25 years.  For those who litigate open government cases (or
need to learn how to litigate them), this is an essential reference


"The Public Voice WSIS Sourcebook: Perspectives on the World Summit on
the Information Society" (EPIC 2004). Price: $40.

This resource promotes a dialogue on the issues, the outcomes, and the
process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).  This
reference guide provides the official UN documents, regional and
issue-oriented perspectives, and recommendations and proposals for
future action, as well as a useful list of resources and contacts for
individuals and organizations that wish to become more involved in the
WSIS process.


"The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2004: United States Law, International Law,
and Recent Developments," Marc Rotenberg, editor (EPIC 2005). Price:

The Privacy Law Sourcebook, which has been called the "Physician's Desk
Reference" of the privacy world, is the leading resource for students,
attorneys, researchers, and journalists interested in pursuing privacy
law in the United States and around the world. It includes the full
texts of major privacy laws and directives such as the Fair Credit
Reporting Act, the Privacy Act, and the OECD Privacy Guidelines, as well
as an up-to-date section on recent developments. New materials include
the APEC Privacy Framework, the Video Voyeurism Prevention Act, and the


"Filters and Freedom 2.0: Free Speech Perspectives on Internet Content
Controls" (EPIC 2001). Price: $20.

A collection of essays, studies, and critiques of Internet content
filtering.  These papers are instrumental in explaining why filtering
threatens free expression.


EPIC publications and other books on privacy, open government, free
expression, crypto and governance can be ordered at:

EPIC Bookstore http://www.epic.org/bookstore

"EPIC Bookshelf" at Powell's Books


EPIC also publishes EPIC FOIA Notes, which provides brief summaries of
interesting documents obtained from government agencies under the
Freedom of Information Act.

Subscribe to EPIC FOIA Notes at:

[8] Upcoming Conferences and Events

US Department of Homeland Security E-Verify Stakeholder Meeting.
Washington DC. Tuesday, November 27, 2007. For more information, email

Internet Identity Workshop. Mountain View, CA. December 3-5, 2007. For
more information http://www.windley.com/events/iiw2007b/register.shtml

Seattle Technology Law Conference. December 13-14, 2007. Seattle, WA.
For more information: http://www.lawseminars.com/seminars/07COMWA.php

US Department of Homeland Security Privacy Office Public Workshop: CCTV
- Developing Privacy Best Practices. Arlington, VA. December 17-18,
2007. For more information, email privacyworkshop@dhs.gov

ACI’s 7th National Symposium on Privacy & Security of Consumer and
Employee Information.  January 23-24, 2008.  Philadelphia, PA.  For more
information: http://www.americanconference.com/privacy

Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility: Technology in Wartime
Conference. January 26, 2008. Stanford University. For more
information: http://cpsr.org/news/compiler/2007/Compiler200707#twc

Future of the Internet Economy - OECD Ministerial Meeting. June 14-18,
2008. Seoul, Korea. For more information:

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About EPIC

The Electronic Privacy Information Center is a public interest research
center in Washington, DC.  It was established in 1994 to focus public
attention on emerging privacy issues such as the Clipper Chip, the
Digital Telephony proposal, national ID cards, medical record privacy,
and the collection and sale of personal information. EPIC publishes the
EPIC Alert, pursues Freedom of Information Act litigation, and conducts
policy research.  For more information, see http://www.epic.org or write
EPIC, 1718 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. +1 202
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Your contributions will help support Freedom of Information Act and
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Thank you for your support.

------------------------- END EPIC Alert 14.22 -------------------------