You are viewing an archived webpage. The information on this page may be out of date. Learn about EPIC's recent work at

EPIC Alert 17.12

                            E P I C   A l e r t
Volume 17.12                                              June 21, 2010

                           Published by the
               Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)
                           Washington, D.C.


		      "Defend Privacy. Support EPIC."

Table of Contents
[1] EPIC Recommends Consumer Privacy Protections for Smart Grid
[2] Privacy Commissioner Awards $500,000 to Advance Privacy Research
[3] Investigations of Google Street View Widen
[4] Supreme Court Finds Search of Employee's Text Messages "Reasonable"
[5] New Cybersecurity Legislation Introduced
[6] News in Brief
[7] EPIC Bookstore: "The Facebook Effect"
[8] Upcoming Conferences and Events

TAKE ACTION: Stop Airport Strip Searches!
- JOIN Facebook Group "Stop Airport Strip Searches" and INVITE Friends

[1] EPIC Recommends Consumer Privacy Protections for Smart Grid

In formal comments to the California Public Utility Commission, EPIC
said that utility customers should have control over the use of their
personal information generated by Smart Grid services. EPIC warned that
otherwise companies will use the data for purposes not related to
electricity delivery, consumption management, or payment.

The term "Smart Grid" encompasses a host of inter-related technologies
intended to reduce or manage electricity consumption. Smart grid
devices provide real-time or near real-time communication between
electricity service providers, users, and/or third party electricity
usage management service providers. The capabilities of smart grid
systems could extend even to monitoring usage of individual electronic
devices, such as washing machines, hot water heaters, pool pumps,
entertainment centers, lighting fixtures, and heating and cooling

Privacy recommendations for smart grid technology center on the
collection, retention, sharing, or reuse of individuals' electricity
consumption information. Without proper privacy guards in place, the
information gathered and disclosed by smart grid systems could be used
to track the behaviors and habits of individuals within their homes,
with consequences ranging from third-party targeted solicitation to
investigation for illicit behavior.

In its latest comments to the California Public Utility Commission,
EPIC expressed concern over the collection, retention, use or reuse of
smart grid data for purposes not related to electricity delivery or
management. EPIC agreed with the Commission's proposal to adopt
criteria for assessing the privacy impact of implementing smart grid
technologies, but recommended that the requirement extend to third
party service providers. Additionally, EPIC urged the Commission to
adopt a rigorous "baseline" for privacy criteria, exceeding the
security framework of the National Institute of Standards and
Technology, so as to "benchmark end-to-end trustworthiness."

EPIC previously filed comments with the California Public Utility
Commission regarding smart grid technologies in March and April 2010.
EPIC also led a coalition effort to submit comments to the National
Institute of Standards and Technology regarding Smart Grid and privacy.

EPIC: June CPUC Smart Grid Comments

EPIC: April CPUC Smart Grid Comments

EPIC: March CPUC Smart Grid Comments

EPIC: The Smart Grid and Privacy

EPIC: NIST Smart Grid Comments

CPUC Smart Grid Proposal

[2] Privacy Commissioner Awards $500,000 to Advance Privacy Research

On June 3, 2010, Canadian Privacy Commissioner Jennifer Stoddart
announced the recipients of the Office of the Privacy Commissioner's
2010-2011 Contributions Program. This year's projects involve research
initiatives that focus on the Office's four key privacy priority areas:
national security, identity integrity and protection, information
technology, and genetic privacy.

This year's Contributions Program recipients are advancing privacy
research in a number of areas including targeted online advertising,
data-sharing by national security programs, video surveillance in
public spaces, and online health record databases. Individual grants
range from $11,000-$50,000.

Created in 2004 to support non-profit research on privacy, public
policy, and the protection of personal information, the Contributions
Program is highly regarded and considered one of the foremost privacy
research funding programs in the world. To date, the program has
allocated over $2 million to more than 60 initiatives in Canada.

In the United States, the Rose Foundation funds similar projects
through its Consumer Privacy Rights Fund. The Consumer Privacy Rights
Fund awards grants ranging from $25,000-$150,000 to support
privacy-related research, education, advocacy and policy development.
EPIC recently acknowledged the work of the Rose Foundation at the 2010
EPIC Champion of Freedom Awards Dinner as the leading supporter of
consumer privacy in the United States.

Press Release by the Canadian Privacy Commissioner's Office on the 
2010-11 Contributions Program

2010-2011 Contributions Program Recipients

The Rose Foundation: Consumer Privacy Rights Fund

EPIC: 2010 EPIC Champion of Freedom Awards Dinner

[3] Investigations of Google Street View Widen

Investigations into Google's use of its Street View vehicles, which
have been operating in thirty countries between 2007 and 2010, have
intensified. These vehicles are equipped with multi-directional digital
cameras and are driven through cities capturing pedestrian-eye
photographs which are then matched to corresponding locations in Google
Maps. Now, Google has admitted that the cars also collected WiFi data.

On June 9, 2010, Google contradicted its earlier statements regarding
the collection and storage of "payload" data in a letter to the House
Energy and Commerce. Google's letter was in response to a letter from
House members Henry Waxman (D-CA), Joe Barton (R-TX), and Edward Markey
(D-MA) to CEO Eric Schmidt demanding answers about Google's Street View
data collection.

Google's latest admission raises questions about whether Google
violated federal and state wiretap laws and privacy laws. Rep. Barton
said that the matter “warrants a hearing, at minimum" and that Google's
conduct is "ironic in view of the fact that Google is lobbying the
government to regulate Internet service providers, but not Google."
Rep. Markey declared, "We will continue to actively and aggressively
monitor developments in this area."

Congress is not alone in its interest in Street View. The Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) has indicated that it is considering
launching its own investigation. Joel Gurin, the Chief of the FCC's
Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau, warned consumers that
Google's "behavior" raises important privacy concerns, stating that the
collection of Wi-Fi data, "whether intentional or not . . . clearly
infringes on consumer privacy." He also said that the FCC Public Safety
and Homeland Security Bureau is "now addressing cyber security as a
high priority." EPIC recently wrote to the FCC urging the agency to
open such an investigation because "[t]he Commission plays a critical
role in safeguarding the integrity of communications networks and the
privacy of American consumers."

Several U.S. states have also opened investigations into Google Street
View. The attorneys general of Connecticut, Illinois, Massachusetts,
Michigan, and Missouri have all issued formal statements announcing
such investigations, and Maryland and New York are also reported to be
pursuing investigations. Connecticut Attorney General Richard
Blumenthal has described Google's "driveby data sweeps" of WiFi
networks as "deeply disturbing, a potentially impermissible, pernicious
invasion of privacy."

Global scrutiny of Google Street View has been intensifying as well.
The UK-based privacy watchdog Privacy International (PI) claims that an
audit of Google's Street View data collection shows that Google
separated out and systematically stored network content obtained from
private Wi-Fi devices. According to PI, the audit proves that Google's
collection and storage of the data was intentional, despite Google's
insistence that it "mistakenly" collected and stored the data. France's
National Commission on Computing and Liberty (CNIL), meanwhile, has
released preliminary results of its Google Street View investigation.
According to the CNIL, Google "saved passwords for access to mailboxes"
and obtained content of electronic messages. The CNIL is pursuing the
investigation to determine whether Google engaged in "unfair and
unlawful collection of data" as well as "invasion of privacy and
individual liberties." In addition to the UK and France, at least 16
other countries are conducting their own investigations.

Google Blog Post Admitting Collection of WiFi Payload Data

FCC statement warning consumers about Google and privacy risks

Letter from Representatives Waxman, Barton, and Markey to Google CEO
Eric Schmidt demanding answers about Street View

EPIC: Letter to FCC Regarding Google

Third-party Audit of Google

Privacy International: Statement Regarding Google Streetview and 
Wifi Data Collection

Preliminary Results of French CNIL investigation (English)

[4] Supreme Court Finds Search of Employee's Text Messages "Reasonable"

On June 17, the U.S. Supreme Court held that an employer's warrantless
review of an employee's text messages did not constitute an
unreasonable search under the Fourth Amendment. Justice Kennedy's
opinion for the Court found the search to be an "investigation of
work-related misconduct." Because the search was "reasonably related to
the objectives of the search and not excessively intrusive," it did not
violate the Fourth Amendment.

Respondent Jeff Quon was a sergeant and SWAT team member for petitioner
City of Ontario's police department. In 2001, the City issued pagers to
Quon and other SWAT team members. The pagers had monthly character
limits, and the City was charged overages for exceeding these limits.
Quon regularly exceeded the character limits, but reimbursed the City
for the overages rather than be audited. Regardless, after a few months
the City did audit the messages Quon sent while on duty. The audit
turned up private messages, some of which were sexually explicit. Quon
was disciplined, and subsequently brought suit, alleging the audit
violated his Fourth Amendment right against unreasonable searches and

In March, EPIC submitted a "friend of the court" brief urging the court
to find such reviews of electronic communications unconstitutional. The
EPIC brief argued that broad searches of personal communications do not
respect basic principles of information security. These reviews also
reveal sensitive information, ultimately putting individuals at risk.
EPIC encouraged the Court to adopt the Comprehensive Drug Testing
framework, which states five guidelines for performing searches on
electronic records.

City of Ontario v. Quon:

EPIC's amicus brief:

Comprehensive Drug Testing v. United States:

[5] New Cybersecurity Legislation Introduced

On June 10, 2010, Senators Lieberman, Collins, and Carper of the Senate
Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs Committee introduced the
Protecting Cyberspace as a National Asset Act of 2010.  The Committee
held a hearing on the legislation on June 15, 2010.

The bill outlines several main proposals surrounding Cybersecurity. The
bill would establish a White House Cyberspace Policy and a National
Center for Cybersecurity and Communications. Also, the bill would allow
the President to declare a “national cyber emergency” and implement
emergency measures. However, this would not allow the President to set
aside the requirements of the Wiretap Act, the Electronic
Communications Privacy Act, or the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance

Currently, EPIC is working to make public the National Security
Agency's authority for Cybersecurity. On February 4, 2010, EPIC filed a
lawsuit against the Agency and the National Security Council seeking a
key document governing national Cybersecurity policy.  EPIC has
asserted that the Agency and Council violated the Freedom of
Information Act by failing to make public the directive and related
records in response to EPIC's FOIA request.

EPIC also issued a statement on February 10, 2010 to a House Foreign
Affairs Committee recommending release of the secret document, which
grants the Agency broad surveillance authority in cyberspace.

Finally, EPIC President Marc Rotenberg and security expert Bruce
Schneier debated former NSA Director Bruce McConnell and Harvard Law
Professor Jonathan Zittrain at the Newseum on June 8, 2010. The
proposition: The Threat of Cyberwar has been Grossly Exaggerated.
Rotenberg/Schneier argued the Pro position; McConnell/Zittrain the Con
position. The event was sponsored by Intelligence Squared US.

Senate Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs Committee, Protecting 
Cyberspace as a National Asset Act of 2010

EPIC: Cybersecurity


EPIC: Statement for the Record to a House Foreign Affairs Committee

Intelligence Squared US, Cyberwar Debate

[6] News In Brief

Federal Judge Limits Suspicionless Laptop Searches at Borders

A federal judge has ruled against the Department of Homeland Security's
Customs and Border Protection claim that agents could not only search
the electronic devices of cross-border travelers without a warrant or
even reasonable suspicion, they could also seize the devices
indefinitely for more invasive searches. In United States v. Hanson,
U.S. District Judge Jeffrey White ruled that "[g]iven the passage of
time between the January and February searches and the fact that the
February search was not conduct[ed] at the border, or its functional
equivalent, the court concludes that the February search . . . must be
justified by reasonable suspicion." Last October, EPIC and 20 other
organizations sent a letter to the House Committee on Homeland Security
objecting to this practice and other privacy violations.

Northern District of California: Order of Court

DHS: Privacy Impact Assessment for the Border Searches of Electronic

EPIC: 2008 Letter to House Committee on Homeland Security

EPIC: 2009 Letter to House Committee on Homeland Security 

Report from European Commission Raises New Questions on Body Scanners

A report prepared for the European Parliament and the European Council
on the controversial proposal to deploy body scanners at European
airports warns of "a serious risk of fragmenting fundamental rights of
EU citizens, impeding their rights of free movement, and escalating
their health concerns related to new security technologies." The report
recommends common European standards to ensure the protection of
fundamental rights and to address health concerns. The report also
recommends security scanners that are less intrusive and pose fewer
health risks than those currently deployed in US airports. Earlier this
year, EPIC and Ralph Nader urged President Obama to suspend the airport
body scanner program until "a comprehensive evaluation of the devices'
effectiveness, health impacts, and privacy safeguards is completed by
an independent board of review."

Report from the Commission to the Europeans Parliament and the 

EPIC and Ralph Nader: Letter to President Obama

EPIC: Whole Body Imaging

EPIC: Public Opinion on Privacy

New Study Shows Perceived Privacy Invasions May Deter Consumers

A new study on advertising strategies reports that invasive advertising
may actually backfire. Increasing ad visibility and targeting ads are
two common advertising strategies which, employed independently, tend
to improve viewers' response. However, the study shows that the
strategies fail when combined. Avi Goldfarb of the University of
Toronto and Catherine Tucker of MIT's Sloane School of Business note
that the failure is more pronounced in categories of products
considered more private, and for consumers who appear to guard private
information more closely. They conclude, "[t]his suggests that the
[result] is driven by consumers' perceptions of privacy." The study
will be published in a forthcoming issue of Marketing Science.

Online Display Advertising: Targeting and Obtrusiveness

Marketing Science

EPIC: Google/DoubleClick Merger (behavioral advertising)

EPIC's Coney Leads Panel at Computers, Freedom, Privacy Conference

On June 18 2010, EPIC Associate Director Lillie Coney led a panel
discussion on "Cybersecurity Policy and the Role of .Orgs" at the
annual conference on Computers, Freedom, and Privacy. The panel
featured top government decision makers and leading experts in
cybersecurity. The discussion built on a letter to White House Cyber
Security Director Howard Schmidt, organized by EPIC and endorsed by 30
organizations, which states that US cybersecurity policy "must
incorporate protections of our basic freedoms and constitutional
rights." Ms. Coney will co-chair the 2011 CFP Conference, which will be
held in Washington DC.

Computers Freedom and Privacy Conference

EPIC: Cybersecurity Privacy Practical Implications

Consumer Advocacy Group Launches Survey about Online Privacy
Consumer Action, a national non-profit education and advocacy
organization committed to financial literacy and consumer protection,
has  released an online survey to determine Internet users’ attitudes
about their privacy online. The questions in the survey involve topics
ranging from tracking of Internet use by companies, behavioral
advertising, web site privacy policies, retention and sharing of users’
personal data, privacy on social networking sites, and the adequacy of
federal and state privacy laws. The poll will be open through Wednesday, 
June 30 at midnight. The survey can be found at:

Privacy International Launches Sheds Light on Controversial Technologies

International watchdog Privacy International announced the launch of a
new website for bringing transparency to "technical mysteries" behind
controversial systems. Cracking the Black Box identifies key questions
regarding mysterious technologies and asks experts, whistleblowers, and
other concerned parties to "help crack the box" by anonymously
contributing ideas and input. The organization responsible for the
technology in question is then invited to provide an official response.
The first two issues addressed on the PI site are the Google Wi-Fi
controversy and the EU proposal to retain search data.

Privacy International

Cracking the Black Box

EPIC: Google Street View

EPIC, Privacy Groups Recommend Further Changes for Facebook

EPIC has joined a letter, organized by the ACLU of Northern California,
calling for Facebook to fix ongoing privacy problems with the social
network service. The letter, signed by several privacy organizations,
recommends that Facebook make "Instant Personalization" opt-in, limit
data retention, give users greater control over their information, and
allow users to export their content from Facebook. EPIC has a complaint
currently pending at the Federal Trade Commission, charging that
Facebook has engaged in unfair and deceptive trade practices.

Open Letter to Facebook

ACLU of Northern California

EPIC's FTC Complaint Against Facebook

EPIC: Facebook Privacy

Senate Committee Holds Hearing on Cybersecurity Bill

The Senate Homeland Security Committee held a first hearing on the
recently introduced cybersecurity bill, the Protecting Cyberspace as a
National Asset Act of 2010. The hearing featured testimony from Philip
Reitinger at the Department of Homeland Security, as well as several
industry representatives. Many of the committee's questions focused on
whether authority over civilian cybersecurity should be concentrated in
the Department of Homeland Security or in the Department of Defense, a
question on which EPIC has repeatedly sought information.

Protecting Cyberspace as a National Asset Act of 2010

Senate Hearing

Video of the Hearing


[7] EPIC Bookstore: "The Facebook Effect"

"The Facebook Effect," David Kirkpatrick
Available at:

Network effect is a powerful concept in the computing world. Adding
nodes to a network increases the value for all and helps explain the
natural tendency of devices to be linked together. In the Facebook
Effect, David Kirkpatrick, a senior editor at Fortune Magazine, takes
this a step further, exploring the preeminent social network company,
and how it is transforming culture, identity, and business.

Tracing the story of Facebook's rise and Mark Zuckerberg's determined
refusal not to sell the company he created is fascinating to be sure.
There is much here to inspire the writers of code, the early investors,
and the political activists who continue to find innovative ways to
adapt new technologies.

Kirkpatrick could have easily written a next-Bill-Gates story and the
book would still become a classic. But Kirkpatrick does not shy away
from the key social, and perhaps business issue, confronting the
company - the role of privacy and the concerns of users. Unlike any
company in American history, Facebook reputation is defined almost
entirely by its response to its periodic privacy battles, a point not
lost on a candidate for California Attorney General who seized on the
company's privacy snafus to defeat Facebook's former Chief Privacy

In many respects, Facebook's core business goal is to coax personal
information out of its users while all the while addressing mounting
concerns about the loss of control over personal data. As those who
have followed these battles over the last few years will attest,
Facebook has had mixed success, often pushing dramatic changes, then
backing down when the protests grow loud. The settling point inevitably
finds more user data under "Everyone" where once it was only for
"Friends" or "Friends of Friends."

Kirkpatrick recounts much of this history, as well as the arguments for
and against Facebook's actions. He doesn't take sides, but he is
fascinated by the dynamic and agrees it will continue to be a critical
issue for the company going forward.

With this background, I was surprised to hear the author on NPR
recently say that the privacy issue is almost entirely up to the user
-- users need to friend people they really know and should be careful
about what they post. That can't be the end of the story. If the recent
privacy battles reveal anything, it is that Facebook and not the user
often ends up deciding what information is collected and to whom it is
disclosed. Facebook creates an illusion of control with privacy
settings and policies that are always subject to change. The users who
are most serious about restricting access are likely to be the most
worn down after Facebook's many changes to the privacy settings, the
privacy policies, and the terms of services.

Just as network effects is a powerful concept, so too are transaction
costs. Facebook has learned that if it makes it frustrating enough for
users to protect privacy online, eventually they will give up, which is
why the privacy debate is about much more than who to friend.

Perhaps the next chapter on the Facebook Effect begins with news from
the recently concluded conference on Computers, Freedom, and Privacy
where participants drafted a new social network #billofrights. That is
a group worth friending.

--Marc Rotenberg

EPIC Publications:

"Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws 2008," edited by
Harry A. Hammitt, Marc Rotenberg, John A. Verdi, and Mark S. Zaid
(EPIC 2008). Price: $60.
Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws is the most
comprehensive, authoritative discussion of the federal open access
laws. This updated version includes new material regarding the
substantial FOIA amendments enacted on December 31, 2007. Many of the
recent amendments are effective as of December 31, 2008. The standard
reference work includes in-depth analysis of litigation under Freedom
of Information Act, Privacy Act, Federal Advisory Committee Act,
Government in the Sunshine Act. The fully updated 2008 volume is the
24th edition of the manual that lawyers, journalists and researchers
have relied on for more than 25 years.


"Information Privacy Law: Cases and Materials, Second Edition" Daniel
J. Solove, Marc Rotenberg, and Paul Schwartz. (Aspen 2005). Price: $98.

This clear, comprehensive introduction to the field of information
privacy law allows instructors to enliven their teaching of fundamental
concepts by addressing both enduring and emerging controversies. The
Second Edition addresses numerous rapidly developing areas of privacy
law, including: identity theft, government data mining and electronic
surveillance law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act,
intelligence sharing, RFID tags, GPS, spyware, web bugs, and more.
Information Privacy Law, Second Edition, builds a cohesive foundation
for an exciting course in this rapidly evolving area of law.


"Privacy & Human Rights 2006: An International Survey of Privacy Laws
and Developments" (EPIC 2007). Price: $75.

This annual report by EPIC and Privacy International provides an
overview of key privacy topics and reviews the state of privacy in over
75 countries around the world. The report outlines legal protections,
new challenges, and important issues and events relating to privacy.
Privacy & Human Rights 2006 is the most comprehensive report on privacy
and data protection ever published.


"The Public Voice WSIS Sourcebook: Perspectives on the World Summit on
the Information Society" (EPIC 2004). Price: $40.

This resource promotes a dialogue on the issues, the outcomes, and the
process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). This
reference guide provides the official UN documents, regional and
issue-oriented perspectives, and recommendations and proposals for
future action, as well as a useful list of resources and contacts for
individuals and organizations that wish to become more involved in the
WSIS process.


"The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2004: United States Law, International Law,
and Recent Developments," Marc Rotenberg, editor (EPIC 2005). Price:

The Privacy Law Sourcebook, which has been called the "Physician's Desk
Reference" of the privacy world, is the leading resource for students,
attorneys, researchers, and journalists interested in pursuing privacy
law in the United States and around the world. It includes the full
texts of major privacy laws and directives such as the Fair Credit
Reporting Act, the Privacy Act, and the OECD Privacy Guidelines, as
well as an up-to-date section on recent developments. New materials
include the APEC Privacy Framework, the Video Voyeurism Prevention Act,
and the CAN-SPAM Act.


"Filters and Freedom 2.0: Free Speech Perspectives on Internet Content
Controls" (EPIC 2001). Price: $20.

A collection of essays, studies, and critiques of Internet content
filtering. These papers are instrumental in explaining why filtering
threatens free expression.


EPIC publications and other books on privacy, open government, free
expression, crypto and governance can be ordered at:

EPIC Bookstore


EPIC also publishes EPIC FOIA Notes, which provides brief summaries of
interesting documents obtained from government agencies under the
Freedom of Information Act.

Subscribe to EPIC FOIA Notes at:

[8] Upcoming Conferences and Events

ICANN International Meeting
Brussels, Belgium, June 20-25, 2010.
For more information:

Eleventh Annual Institute on Privacy and Data Security
New York, NY, June 21-22, 2010.
For more information:

First International Workship on Data Security and Privacy in
Wireless Networks
Montreal, Quebec, June 21-23, 2010.
For more information:

7th Annual E-Commerce Best Practices Conference
Stanford, CA, June 25, 2010.
For more information:

Consumer Choices Technology Hearing
Washington, DC, June 29, 2010.
For more information:

Seventh Annual Collaboration, Electronic Messaging, Anti-Abuse, and
Spam Conference
Redmond, WA, July 13-14, 2010.
For more information:

Developing a Social Media Policy That Limits Risk: Practical Advice for
Companies in Regulated Industries
Webinar, July 15, 2010.
For more information:

Eleventh Annual Institute on Privacy and Data Security Law
Chicago, IL, July 19-20, 2010.
For more information:

Privacy and Identity Management for Life
(PrimeLife/IFIP Summer School 2010)
Helsingborg, Sweden, August 2-6, 2010.
For more information:

Privacy and Security in the Future Internet
3rd Network and Information Security (NIS'10) Summer School
Crete, Greece, September 13-17 2010.
For more information:

Internet Governance Forum 2010
Vilnius, Lithuania, 14-16 September 2010.
For more information:

"32nd Int'l Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners"
Jerusalem, October 2010.
For more information:

Join EPIC on Facebook

Join the Electronic Privacy Information Center on Facebook


Start a discussion on privacy. Let us know your thoughts.
Stay up to date with EPIC's events.
Support EPIC.

Privacy Policy

The EPIC Alert mailing list is used only to mail the EPIC Alert and to
send notices about EPIC activities. We do not sell, rent or share our
mailing list. We also intend to challenge any subpoena or other legal
process seeking access to our mailing list. We do not enhance (link to
other databases) our mailing list or require your actual name.

In the event you wish to subscribe or unsubscribe your e-mail address
from this list, please follow the above instructions under "subscription

About EPIC

The Electronic Privacy Information Center is a public interest research
center in Washington, DC. It was established in 1994 to focus public
attention on emerging privacy issues such as the Clipper Chip, the
Digital Telephony proposal, national ID cards, medical record privacy,
and the collection and sale of personal information. EPIC publishes the
EPIC Alert, pursues Freedom of Information Act litigation, and conducts
policy research. For more information, see or write
EPIC, 1718 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. +1 202
483 1140 (tel), +1 202 483 1248 (fax).

Donate to EPIC

If you'd like to support the work of the Electronic Privacy Information
Center, contributions are welcome and fully tax-deductible. Checks
should be made out to "EPIC" and sent to 1718 Connecticut Ave., NW,
Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. Or you can contribute online at:

Your contributions will help support Freedom of Information Act and
First Amendment litigation, strong and effective advocacy for the right
of privacy and efforts to oppose government regulation of encryption and
expanding wiretapping powers.

Thank you for your support.

Subscription Information

Subscribe/unsubscribe via web interface:

Back issues are available at:

The EPIC Alert displays best in a fixed-width font, such as Courier.

------------------------- END EPIC Alert 17.12 ------------------------


Share this page:

Defend Privacy. Support EPIC.
US Needs a Data Protection Agency
2020 Election Security